Understand of Mount Bromo Tengger Semeru

Understand of Mount Bromo Tengger Semeru – This a national park is named after its two mountains, Mount Semeru (the highest in Java 3,676 m), Mount Bromo (the most popular) and the Tengger people who inhabit the area.

Mount Semeru also known as Mahameru (“Gunung Agung”), is one of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia. The most striking thing about this mountain is the fact that it erupts periodically (and very reliably). Every 20 minutes or so, the volcano pours down a huge cloud of steam and smoke, sometimes interspersed with ash and rock. Climbing Mount Semeru requires some planning and permission from the park authorities. This mountain is often closed due to its very active nature.

Mount Bromo (2,329 m) is easily recognizable because the entire upper part has been destroyed and the crater in it constantly contaminates white sulfur fumes. We provide Bromo Tour Package. The place is inside a massive Tengger caldera. with a diameter of about 10km, is surrounded by the Sand Sea (Sea of ​​Sand) fine volcanic sand. The overall effect does not make any sense unnaturally, especially when compared to the lush green valleys around the caldera.

The main access point is Cemoro Lawang (also Cemara Lawang or Cemora Lawang – blame East Java accent!) At the northeast end of the caldera, but there are also trails from Tosari (northwest) and Ngadas (southwest). Ngadisari village, on the road from Probolinggo about 5.5 km before Cemoro Lawang, marks the entrance of the national park. Both Cemoro Lawang and Ngadisari are rather beautiful, with the house painted brightly and the expanse of flowers outside.

The Tenggerese

The area in and around the park is inhabited by the Tenggerese, one of the few significant Hindu communities remaining on the island of Java. The local religion is a remnant of the Majapahit era and therefore very similar to Bali but even with other animist elements. The Tenggerese are believed to be descendants of the Majapahit princes and taken to the hills after mass arrivals in the pious Madurese area of ​​the 19th century. These Madurese immigrants were laborers working for Dutch coffee planters and indigenous Hindu inhabitants in the region soon found out that they were losing a lot and converting to Islam or fleeing to the unfriendly high mountain peak where they live today.

This religion is quite low although it can be (of course compared to Bali) with the most visible manifestation of faith is the rather hard Poten temple in the sea of ​​sand. The number of Tengger people is about 600,000 and they live in 30 villages scattered in and around parks with smaller communities elsewhere in East Java.

For many visitors, Tengger’s rancid-faced, sun-burned, mustache-wrapped, poncho-like blanket ran on a pony with rugged mountains like its background, more like Peru than Indonesia! We provide Bromo Tour Package.

Roro Anteng and Joko Seger

The Javanese folktale says that in the 15th century, Princess Roro Anteng (daughter of King Majapahit Brawijaya) and her husband Joko Seger escaped to launch Islamic powers, which ended safely at Mount Bromo. Here they developed a new empire, and named it Teng-ger using parts from their respective family names.

The Kingdom of Tengger prospered and their religion developed, but the royal couple could not produce the heir to the throne. Desperately they pray and meditate in Bromo for a few days before the crater is opened and the almighty god Widi Wasa announces that they will be given children, on condition that the last sacrifice should be sacrificed back to the mountain. We provide Bromo Tour Package.

No less than 25 children were produced, but years later Roro and Joko broke his condition and refused to sacrifice their last victim, Prince Kesuma. A terrific eruption of Bromo followed and swallowed Kesuma into the crater. To appease the great God, Kesuma’s brothers and sisters held a sacrificial ceremony at the crater once a year, and this is still happening today – the famous Kasada ceremony is held on the full moon of the 12th (Kasada) month of the Tengger calendar.


If a landscape was ever needed to demonstrate the meaning of a lonely expression of purity, then surely this indeed is. Rough, barren volcanic peaks, gravel plains and sand oceans. Really worldly.

The park also covers a vast area that is very fertile and green is fed by rivers from high peaks. Medium elevations coated with thinner forests gave way to highlands and barren peaks.

Plants and Animals

In the most desirable part of the park (caldera and mountain peak) the flora and fauna are limited by the lack of vegetation. At lower altitudes and away from the ocean of sand, though there is a lush green valley with distinctive tropical forest flora. The elevation is higher before the end of the tree line is mostly covered by pine forest (casuarina).

In the valley, some leopard cat is present but rarely seen. Java deer deer, muntjac, marbled cats and wild pigs are among the mammals that are more likely to be seen by regular visitors. This park is not so famous for bird watching as everyone else in Java, but in the highlands you often see eagles and eagles soaring above the valley below. We provide Bromo Tour Package.


Temperatures are refreshing during the day but are blatantly cold at night because temperatures can drop to zero in the dry season and rarely above 5 ° C in the wet season. Daytime temperatures anywhere in the park never exceed 20 ° C with normal low teenagers.

The rain can go down anytime and the average rainfall average of 6.6m is best measured in meters, not mm! Most of which come in the rainy season though – November to March. During periods of heavy rainfall in January and February, many parts of the park are inaccessible due to flooding. Landslips is also a real problem in these times.

Eruption 2010/2011

In late 2010 and early 2011 volcanic ash and incandescent materials were thrown by eruption activity with heavy rain of volcanic material thrown around the crater. Continuous eruption on January 21 caused thin ash to fall mainly in Ngadirejo village and Sukapura Wonokerto area, Probolinggo regency. The impact of heavy rain and volcanic ash from eruptions during December 2010 and January 2011 resulted in disruption of normal activities and the local economy. The potential for environmental damage and long-term health problems among residents around Mount Bromo was very important at the time. We provide Bromo Tour Package.

Due to the high seasonal rainfall in January 2011 the potential of lava (lava cold) and lava flows (hot lava) increased due to sediment of volcanic ash, sand and other materials that he built. Activity is dominated by vibration vibration, ash eruption and incandescent release.

People living on the banks of the Boat River, Nganten Ravine and Sukapura Rivers are told of high lava flows, especially if there is further rain in the area around Cemorolawang, Ngadisari and Ngadirejo. Volcanic eruptions and volcanoes were reported on January 21 and January 22 with activity subside on January 23, 2011.

Source: wikitravel.

The park was reopened for visitors in April 2011.

Bromo Tour Package 2 days 1 night Best Price

Bromo Tour Package 2 days 1 night Best Price or Mount Bromo Tour Travel could be a favorite holidaymaker spot for disbursal time, that this place continues to be natural and funky, Bromo Tour (gunung bromo) is one amongst the volcano continues to be active and most noted not solely in country however additionally within the international.

As a holidaymaker attraction, up to currently Mount Bromo with the very best a pair of.392 M dpl, become engaging owing to this standing because the volcano continues to be active. the way to grasp for detail program of bromo tour package a pair of days one night, please check below.

Details of the trip Bromo Tour Package a pair of days one night is as follows:

Day 1. devour at Surabaya (SUB) – Bromo Tour space – edifice Bromo

Pickup from Surabaya (SUB) to Cemoro Lawang. Our team can warmly welcome your arrival at the railroad station or field Surabaya, proceed visit towards bromo tour Cemoro Lawang Probolinggo takes concerning three.5 hours, register at the edifice in Bromo, then it’s free program.

Day 2. Mt. Penanjakan (View point) – Bromo Sunrise Tour – Drop off Surabaya

Bromo Tour package (paket wisata bromo) starts at 03.00 within the morning. At 03:30 motorcar 4 wheel drive can bring you to Mt Penanjakan (view point). during this place is that the best spot to check the attractive sunrise, when quite happy with the sunrise followed back to the motorcar, then we tend to go direct to the Bromo crater, to require trekk with a length of half-hour to succeed in the crater of Bromo, when quite happy with the character of Mount Bromo back to the edifice for breakfast, when breakfast you clean up, verify from the edifice and travel to Surabaya. the program of Bromo Tour Package a pair of days one night is ends.

About Beautiful Mount Bromo in Indonesia

Mount Bromo is an energetic volcano and a part of the Tengger geological formation, in East Java, Indonesia. At 2, 329 metres (7, 641 ft) it’s not the best peak of the geological formation, however is that the most acknowledge. The geological formation ruang is one in all the foremost visited holidaymaker attractions in East Java, Indonesia. The volcano belongs to the Bromo Tengger Semeru park. The name of Bromo derived from Javanese pronunciation of Brahma, the Hindu creator god.

Mount Bromo sits within the middle of an apparent referred to as the ” ocean of Sand “, a protected nature reserve since 1919.

The distinctive thanks to visit Mount Bromo is from the near mountain village of Cemoro Lawang. We provide Bromo tour packages From there it’s potential to steer to the volcano in regarding forty five minutes, however it’s additionally potential to require associate unionized machine tur, which incorporates a stop at the perspective on Mount Penanjakan (2, 770 m or 9, 088 ft). the perspective on Mount Penanjakan may be reached on foot in regarding 2 hours.

Depending on the degree of volcanic activity, the Indonesian Centre for vulcanology and Disaster Hazard Mitigation generally problems warnings against visiting Mount Bromo.

Sejarah Kota Bandung yang menarik untuk diketahui

Sejarah Kota Bandung yang menarik untuk diketahui – Nama resmi kota itu sepanjang masa kolonial Hindia Belanda yaitu Bandoeng.

Rujukan paling awal ke daerah itu datang dari th. 1488, meskipun temuan arkeologi tunjukkan type spesies Homo erectus sudah lama tinggal di pinggir Sungai Cikapundung serta di sekitaran danau tua Bandung. Sepanjang era ke-7 belas serta ke-8 belas, Perusahaan Hindia Belanda (VOC) membangun perkebunan di lokasi Bandung.

Pada 1786, jalan supply yang menghubungkan Batavia (saat ini Jakarta), Bogor, Cianjur, Bandung, Sumedang serta Cirebon dibuat. Pada th. 1809, Napoleon Bonaparte, Kaisar Prancis serta penakluk beberapa besar Eropa termasuk juga Belanda serta koloninya, memerintahkan Gubernur Hindia Belanda H. W. Daendels melakukan perbaikan system pertahanan Jawa membuat perlindungan Inggris dari India. Daendels membuat satu jalan, membentang sekitaran 1. 000 km (620 mil) dari barat ke pantai timur Jawa, melalui Bandung.Sejarah Kota Bandung

Pada th. 1810, jalan itu dibangun di Bandung serta dinamakan De Groote Postweg (atau ‘Jalan Raya Besar’), tempat Asia-Afrika sekarang ini. Dibawah perintah Daendels, R. A. Wiranatakusumah II, Kepala Administrator Kabupaten Bandung waktu itu, geser dari Krapyak, di selatan, ke satu tempat di dekat sepasang sumur suci kota (sumur Bandung), website saat ini dari alun-alun kota (alun- alun). Dia membuat dalam, masjid agung serta pendopo (tempat pertemuan petinggi umum) dalam tujuan orang Sunda classic, 16 dengan pendopo yang menghadap ke gunung Tangkuban Perahu, yang dipercaya mempunyai situasi mistis.

Pada th. 1880, kereta api besar pertama pada Batavia serta Bandung usai dibuat, tingkatkan industri enteng di Bandung. Orang Cina bersama-sama ke kota untuk menolong menggerakkan sarana, service serta jadi vendor. Lokasi yang berdekatan dengan stasiun kereta api masih tetap dapat dikenali jadi lokasi Chinatown tua. Pada th. 1906, Bandung di beri status gemeente (kotamadya) serta lalu dua puluh th. lalu stadsgemeente (kotamadya).

Diawali pada awal 1920-an, pemerintah Hindia Belanda buat gagasan untuk mengubahkan ibu kota mereka dari Batavia ke Bandung. Dengan hal tersebut, sepanjang dekade ini, pemerintah kolonial Belanda mulai pembangunan barak militer, gedung pemerintah pusat (Gouvernments Bedrijven, Gedung Sate saat ini) serta bangunan pemerintah yang lain. Tetapi, gagasan ini, dipangkas oleh Perang Dunia II, kemudian Belanda tidak bisa membuat kembali koloni mereka karna Deklarasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia.

Daerah subur Pegunungan Parahyangan yang melingkari Bandung mensupport perkebunan teh yang produktif. Pada era ke-9 belas, Franz Junghuhn mengenalkan pabrik cinchona (kina). Dengan panorama yang lebih sejuk serta ditinggikan, dikelilingi oleh perkebunan besar, Bandung jadi daerah resor Eropa yang eksklusif.

Yang memiliki perkebunan kaya berkunjung ke kota pada akhir minggu, menarik wanita serta entrepreneur dari ibu kota, Batavia. Jalan Braga tumbuh jadi jalan pejalan kaki dengan kafe, restoran serta toko butik. Dua hotel dan wisata bergaya art deco, Savoy Homann serta Preanger, dibuat di sekitaran Concordia Society, satu tempat tinggal club untuk orang kaya dengan satu ballroom besar serta satu teater. Julukan ” Parijs van Java ” diberi ke kota Bandung.